The Pasternak Trust
A Family Collection

LEONID PASTERNAK (1862-1945)

1862 Born April 4, in Odessa, to Jewish parents. The young Leonid Pasternak develops an early interest in drawing, despite his parents' disapproval.
1879 Begins lessons at the Odessa School of Drawing.
1881 Enters the medical school of Moscow University, in the hope of also studying at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
1882 Still unable to study at the Moscow School of Painting, takes private lessons with the academician Professor E. Sorokin.
1883 Abandons medicine for law and transfers to the University at Odessa, which permits him to travel abroad. Attends Munich Academy of Art.
1885 Completes law degree and one year of military service in Odessa. Meets Rosalia Kaufmann, the pianist.
1888 Paints a large-scale genre painting, A Letter from Home, which is purchased by Pavel Tretyakov for his Moscow gallery. It is exhibited at the Wanderers' exhibition and favourably reviewed.
1889 Marries Rosalia Kaufmann; they move to Moscow. Becomes acquainted with the younger painters Valentin Serov and Konstantin Korovin, and others in the circle of Vasilii Polenov, a member of the Wanderers group. Pasternak also meets Ilia Repin, the leading realist painter. Works on the new review, The Artist, and later becomes its art director. Establishes his own drawing school, based on the teaching methods of drawing from life used in Munich and Paris. Visits Paris, where he sees the work of the French Impressionists.
1890 Son Boris is born.
1892 The North magazine commissions him to illustrate Tolstoy's War and Peace.
1893 Meets Tolstoy. Second son, Alexander, is born.
1894 Joins the faculty of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.
1897 Tolstoy invites him to illustrate Resurrection. Exhibits with the World of Art group in St. Petersburg.
1900 Visits Paris, where his canvas, Students Before the Examination, is acquired by the Musée du Luxembourg (it now hangs in the Musée d'Orsay). This painting and his drawings for Resurrection are exhibited at the Paris Universal Exhibition. In Moscow, his daughter Josephine is born. Pasternak helps to found the group called the Thirty-Six Artists, forerunner of the Union of Russian Artists.
1902 Second daughter, Lydia, is born.
1903 Exhibits at the first Union of Russian Artists show, in Moscow.
1904 Invited to organize the art section of the international exhibition of art and industry in Düsseldorf. Visits Venice.
1905 Elected a member of the Academy of Fine Arts. The abortive Revolution of 1905 closes the Moscow School; with his family he spends several months in Berlin, where he gets to know Lovis Corinth, Max Liebermann, and other German Impressionists.
1907 Travels in Holland, Belgium and England.
1910 Tolstoy dies. His widow, Sofia Andreyevna, summons Pasternak to make a final, deathbed drawing of him at the railway station of Astapovo, where he died.
1912 Visits Germany and Italy.
1914-18 First World War.
1914 Lithograph, The Wounded Soldier (sales to go to the support of the wounded), is a great popular success.
1917 February Revolution; October Bolshevist coup captures the Winter Palace.
1918-20 Civil War in Russia.
1921 Moves with his wife and two daughters to Berlin, where he lives and works until 1938. His two sons remain in Moscow.
1924 Travels in Egypt and Palestine.
1927 First solo exhibition at Galerie Hartberg, Berlin.
1932 Second solo exhibition at Galerie Hartberg, accompanied by the publication of a monograph on his work by the art critic Max Osborn.
1938 Visits London and prepares for return to Moscow.
1939 Death of Rosalia in London. Britain declares war on Germany. Pasternak moves to Oxford to live with his daughter Lydia.
1945 Dies in Oxford on May 31, aged 83.

MAJOR POSTHUMOUS EXHIBITIONS

1958 Memorial Exhibition, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
1958 The Russian Scene, Pushkin House, London.
1961 Russian Art and Life, Hove Museum, Hove (group exhibition).
1962 Centenary Exhibition, City Gallery, Lenbachhaus, Munich.
Centenary Exhibition, City Art Gallery and Museum, Bristol.
Centenary Exhibition, Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry.
1969 Museum of Private Collections, Moscow.
Oxford University Press, Ely House, London.
Westfield College, London.
1974 Von Maltzahn Gallery, London.
1975 Von Maltzahn, representing the London Gallery at the International Arts Fairs at Basel and Dusseldorf.
1978 1978 Scottish Arts Council Touring Exhibition shown at:
Crawford Centre for the Arts, University of St Andrews
Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield
MacRobert Art Gallery, Stirling
Talbot Rice Art Centre, Edinburgh.
1979 Retrospective Exhibition, State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.
1980 Paris-Moscou (Tolstoy section), Musée Nationale d'Art Moderne, Pompidou Centre, Paris (group exhibition).
1982 Moskva-Parizh, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow (group exhibition).
1982-83 Leonid Pasternak: 1862-1945, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford.
1984 Ceri Richard Gallery, Taliesin Arts Centre, University College of Swansea.
1987-90 U.S. Tour organized by the Smithsonian Institution Travelling Exhibition Service (Washington DC, New York, Chicago, Palm Beach, Memphis, St. Joseph, Santa Clara, Kansas City).
1990 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
1994 A Musical Offering, Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield.
1995 (1995 onwards) Museum of Private Collections, Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow (permanent exhibition).
1999 (1999 onwards) The Pasternak Trust: A Family Collection, Oxford (permanent exhibition).
1999 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.
2001 Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Leonid Pasternak in Russia and Germany.